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  • 和创新有关的英语散文

    分类:英语散文 时间:2017-05-23 本文已影响

    篇一:《创新》 英语 背诵小短文

    话题微写作: 根据提示,利用模块所学知识,完成下面的小作文,并背诵。 BOOK 1 Module1: (关于学校)

    1.我在一所离县城不远的高中上学,它完全不同于我以前的学校;

    2.新学校很美丽,是原来学校的三倍大;

    3.这里的老师热情,对工作态度积极,他们的教学方法给我留下了深刻的印象。老师经常把学生分成几组并鼓励我们相互学习和讨论,因此我盼望着每一节课。总之我喜欢我的学校。 ,school.My new school is beautiful and is my previous school.What's more,the teachers here are enthusiastic and have their work.Their teaching method ,,I enjoy my school.

    Module 2(关于老师)

    汤姆是一位高中英语教师,他精力充沛且有耐心,但在学习上对学生要求严格。他总是确保他的课生动有趣。因此,在他的课堂上没有学生睡觉。在他的帮助下,他的学生已经取得了进步。学生们感激他,因他努力工作而尊重他。学生们相信他们能被大学录取。

    Tom is an English teacher,,in his classes ,and

    Module3(关于旅行)

    1.去年暑假,我和朋友去爬泰山观光。

    2.一到汽车站我们就买了一张地图用来查阅。午夜我们开始爬山,三小时后我们爬到了山顶。

    3.尽管我们筋疲力尽,但我们很高兴。幸运的是,我们看到了日出,多么好的一次旅行啊!

    Last summer holiday,my friends and I went to Mountain Tai to enjoy the beautiful ’an bus station,,we ,,we saw

    Module4(关于友谊)

    根据提示,利用模块所学知识完成下面的小作文,并背诵。

    1.应朋友之邀,这是约翰第三次来到中国。

    2.这儿有他许多朋友。他曾经在这些朋友的帮助下摆脱了困境。

    3.自从上次见面他已有五年没见他的朋友了。

    4.但是他们相互保持着联系。

    5.作为交换,他为朋友带来了一些礼物。 ,,invitation.

    Module5 (关于改变)

    1.Tom过去常常上学迟到,他的父母告诉他应该努力学习,但是他不听。然而,在他参加一个讲座后,他意识到学习的重要性。于是开始认真学习。

    2.他发现他学习越刻苦,越对课程感兴趣。现在他父母为他感到自豪。 (注意:文中要用it is+adj.+to do结构) ,but he wouldn't listen.However,he realized it was important to study hard,

    Module 6(关于因特网)

    1.因特网能缩短人们之间的距离。它也能帮助人们学习创造和设计我们喜欢的东西。并且,与书本相比,人们更容易接近新科技。

    2.然而,它也有缺点。例如,如果你花费太多时间集中精力于因特网,它就可能影响你的学习。

    3.一般地说,你上网每天不超过两小时,你应该把它作为规则来遵守。 ,create ,comparing the Internet with

    books,,it has many ,,you surf the Internet within two hours a

    BOOK 2 Module 1(关于网迷)

    1.王涛是一个正常人,然而他痴迷于电脑游戏。

    2.一天他生病了而且发烧。

    3.他母亲非常担心他的健康把他送到了医院。

    4.医生告诉王涛他健康不佳和玩电脑游戏有关;并且他想保持健康,最好戒除。

    5.医生还建议王涛一周至少锻炼两个小时并保持均衡饮食。

    6.王涛接受了医生的建议,几天后在医生的帮助下他恢复了健康。 ,,,,he advised Wang Tao the doctor's advice and a few days later,

    Module 2(关于网瘾)

    1.汤姆,三班的一个学生,过去沉溺网吧的游戏。

    2.为了让他戒掉这个坏习惯,他的父母减少了他的生活费用。而且他们告诉他很可能被学校开除,然而汤姆不愿意听。

    3.一天为了弄到钱,他闯入附近的一座房子,然后被捕了。请记住:不要沉溺于网络游戏。

    Tom,belonging to class 3,habit.What's more, the

    和创新有关的英语散文

    y told him that he fired by the school if he went on like this.However,Tom wouldn't listen. To get some money,house nearby one day and then was remember:Don't

    Module 3 (关于名人)

    1.邓丽君,最著名的歌唱家之一,是一位音乐天才。

    2.她一生录制了许多专辑,许多听众对她动人的歌曲印象深刻。并且她对音乐界有深刻的影响。不幸的是她英年早逝,听到她去世的消息,很多人都很难过。 Deng Lijun,one of the best-known singers,was a music In her life,she many and many her songs.What's more,,many people felt sad.

    Module 4(关于绘画)

    1.他曾是当代一位有名的画家,喜欢画风景画并因此而闻名。

    2.他打算放弃传统的模式而采用一种新的绘画风格。

    3.他时时观察大自然,不厌其烦。

    4.但是他相信他的绘画将会大受欢迎,他的梦想一定会实现。 ,and he decided to and a ,and he believed that his would be popular and his dreams would be realised.

    Module 5(关于航天))

    1.众所周知,中国已成为世界上第三个把人送往太空的国家。

    2.在2013年6月,“神舟”十号成功起飞。总共有三名宇航员登上此船,包括女宇航员王亚平。在绕轨道飞行时,她在太空中进行了我们国家的首次授课。这是中国航行史上的一个突破。

    As we all know,world.In June 2013,Shenzhou successfully.There were three ,-ever ,which was a breakthrough in China space history.

    Module 6(关于演员)

    1.安娜(Anna)是个著名的女演员,尤以在喜剧中的表现而出名。

    2.令我们吃惊的是,在16岁时,她在一部以遥远的小山村为背景的影片中扮演了一位女老师的角色。

    3.影片中的主角是一位勇敢的女性,她的所作所为令人感动。

    4.安娜的粉丝看这部影片时,立刻就喜欢上了她。

    5.他们关心她,等待她的下一部杰作 ,setting was in a remote mountain village.The in the film was film,they her at once.They her and wait for her next

    BOOK 3 Module 1(关于公园)

    1.这个公园,位于剧场的对面,是这个城市最美的风景之一。

    2.与其它公园相比,它有一些独特的特点。就是因为这,自从几年前建成以来一直被很多人参观。

    The park,is one of the most beautiful sights in the city. ,,,

    Module2(关于贫困)

    1.这个地区很多人收入很低,他们生活在贫困之中,但他们渴望富裕的生活。

    2.现在政府正在采取措施努力改善他们的生活。

    3.我们相信,随着经济的发展,所有人将过上幸福的生活。 ,all the people

    Module3(关于自然灾害)

    1.平均起来,每年都会发生各种各样的自然灾害,甚至有些会出乎人们的预料。

    2.昨天,一场强烈的飓风突然袭击了该地区,导致很多房屋和车辆被毁。甚至有两人被埋在倒塌的房屋下。

    3.幸运的是,事发后人们及时把他们救了出来。

    4.在将来,有可能有经验的专家能够准确地预测一些可怕的自然灾害。 ,,and even some are beyond people's expectation.A hurricane suddenly the area yesterday,even two persons people came to save them from the

    篇二:英语美文

    Scientists’ Path to Bliss

    Each of us seeks our own path to bliss. In accepting the Nobel Prize from the Swedish King in 1980, I said that I had been doubly blessed. For in addition to receiving the

    recognition and distinction represented by the Nobel Prize, the research itself had given me indescribable pleasure, the ultimate high, that comes from discovery, the breaking of new ground, the entering into areas where man has not been before. This kind of bliss is not

    uniquely available to scientists only. Literature, music, art, even business, offers comparable rewards. It is there for all who venture beyond the realm of accepted knowledge and

    experience. Such adventures are challenging and demanding but well worth the effort.

    我们每个人都在寻求自己的幸福之路。1980年,我从瑞典国王那里接受诺贝尔奖时曾说过:我是获得了双重幸福的人。除了诺贝尔奖给我的认可和名望外,研究工作本身也给了我难以描述的欢乐--新的发现、开创新的天地和进入无人涉足过的新领域,都使我感到无比地激动和愉悦。这种幸福不仅只有科学家能够得到,从事文学、音乐、艺术甚至商业的创造性工作,也都可能获得类似的回报。每一个愿意在已有的知识和经验之外的新领域里冒险的人,都有可能获得这种幸福。这种冒险极富挑战性,而且需要殚精竭虑,但非常值得为之一搏。

    For me, the adventure began as a young boy in secondary school. There, I and a group of very bright classmates were denied the easy route to learning. The wide range of questions we directed at our teachers were rarely met with direct answers. Instead, our teachers encouraged us to find the answers for ourselves by steering us to books that held the answers, and most often to more than we had expected. Frequently, our teachers suggested ways to find the answers by searching the reference books that were available in libraries or by actual

    experimentation. As we progressed to high school, the teachers encouraged us to ask questions that went beyond our and their knowledge and experience, and to speculate on matters we

    could not find answers to. Later, as a member of an after-school science club, I was challenged to solve problems about the natural world by experimentation, initially by repeating already known experiments but later by being required to design new ways to solve the puzzles I had raised. All the while, originality of thought was prized above all. Perhaps it was those early experiences that sharpened my appetite for exploring the unknown and seeking solutions.

    对于我来说,这种冒险开始于青少年时代上中学的时候。在学校里,我和一批非常聪明的同学学习并不轻松。我们向老师提出各种各样的问题,但老师很少给予我们直接的回答,而是鼓励我们到有关的书籍中去自己寻找答案,往往收获要比我们预料的还要多。老师还经常教我们通过到图书馆查阅参考书或做实验的方法寻求答案。升入高中后,老师鼓励我们提出超越我们和他们知识和经验以外的问题,思考那些我们找不到答案的问题。后来,我成为课外科学俱乐部的成员,这里要求我通过实验解决某些有关自然界的问题。开始是重复已经做过的实验,随后就要求我设计新的实验方法来解决我自己提出的难题。这是极富挑战性的。在任何时候,创新思维都是最宝贵的。也许正是这些早年的经历,激发了我探索未知世界并寻求答案的欲望。

    Looking back on that period, I realize now that encouraging young people to discover for themselves the answers they seek is not the easiest way to learn but it is the most rewarding. Developing curiosity and the instinct for seeking creative solutions are perhaps the most

    important contributions education can make. With time, many facts we are asked to learn will be forgotten, but we are less likely to lose our ability to question and discover. Schools everywhere would do well to heed that lesson. And students everywhere must accept the responsibility that such an educational system places on them.

    回想那段时间,我认识到:鼓励青年人自己去寻找他们追求的答案,不是最轻松的学习方法,但却是回报最丰厚的学习方法。开发学生寻求创造性解决方法的本能和好奇心,或许是教育能做出的最重要的贡献。随着时间的推移,学过的许多东西将会忘记,但是我们提出问题和找出答案的能力却不会丧失。任何地方的学校都应当认真汲取这个经验,而学生应接受这种教育制度赋予他们的职责。

    Do As the Americans Do

    Be confident.“Confidence” is probably one of the most noticeable traits in the Americans. They show confidence in the way they talk, the way they smile, the way they dress and the way they walk. Living and competing with all these confident American students, I find it extremely important to be confident as an international student and instructor. As a student, being confident means you should never hesitate to raise your hand whenever a question or a point comes to your mind. Don’t mind if it sounds simple or silly. Otherwise you will never get a chance to speak in class at all. What’s worse, the professors may think you are not prepared for the discussion or you do not have your own opinion on the issue--this is the last

    comment any graduate would like to receive. Being confident for me as a foreign instructor means calmly asking the student to repeat what he or she has said if I did not get it. Pretending to understand what you actually did not may just bring yourself embarrassment or even disgrace. But the time I most need to be confident is when my students come to my office and bargain about the grades I have given for their

    speeches. (The course I’m teaching here is Public Speaking). Modesty is a trait highly valued in China, but it won’t be of much help here if you want to survive and succeed in a good American graduate program.

    要自信。自信大概是美国人最显著的特征之一。他们在与人交谈、微笑、着装及走路的姿势中都表现出一种自信。与这些充满自信的美国学生一起生活和竞争,作为一个外国学生和老师,自信显得极为重要。作为学生,自信意味着有问题或看法时随时举手发言。不要去想这问题或看法是否太简单或可笑。否则你在课堂上永远没有说话的机会。更糟糕的是,教授们可能会认为你对课堂讨论没有准备,或认为你对讨论的问题没有自己的看法--这是任何一个研究生都不愿意受到的评价。我作为外国老师,自信就意味着,如果我没听清楚学生的话,便要沉着地请他或她重复一下。没有听懂而假装听懂,可能会让你尴尬甚至丢丑。对我来说最需要自信的时候,是我的学生到办公室来争论我对他们所做演讲的评分(我教的课名叫“公共演讲”)。谦虚在中国是很受推崇的,可要在一个好的美国研究生院生存和成功的话,它帮助不大。

    Be polite. Coming from a country known for good manners and etiquette, I certainly was not prepared for the embarrassment I experienced during my first shopping. The cashier said,“Hello, ma’am, did you have a nice day?” I looked around and behind before I realized that he was actually talking to me.

    Fortunately, I quickly figured out how to be polite in the American way. Being polite means keeping saying “Hello, how are you doing?” to anyone you run into anywhere--in the hallway, in the restroom or on the street. Never bother about how he or she is really doing. Neither should you bother others with your troubles even if you are not doing very well. People are just too busy to really care. Just remember to give your

    greeting even if you have no time to listen to the response. Being polite also means smiling to strangers you meet in the elevator, on the street, in the supermarket or mall. The safest way is to smile and say “hi” to anyone who has eye contact with you.(The Americans never use nodding as a way of greeting.) Of course, being polite also means expressing your appreciation verbally or via email or note whenever anybody does a favor for you. Never take any favor from anybody for granted.

    要有礼貌。来自一个以礼仪著称的国度的我,对第一次去购物出现的尴尬局面毫无准备。收银员说:“你好,太太,你今天过得好吗?”我环顾前后左右才意识到他是在与我打招呼。幸运的是,我很快明白了美国人的礼貌之道。这意味着随时随地--不管是在楼道里,还是在洗手间,还是在路上,不断对人说 :“你好,怎么样呀?”。不用理会他或她到底怎么样。也不要拿你的事去烦别人,即便你真有不顺心的事。大家都太忙了,无暇顾及他人。只是记住一定要问候别人,哪怕你都没时间听完对方的回答。有礼貌还表现在你在电梯里、街上、超市或商场里向遇到的陌生人微笑。最保险的方法是对任何与你有眼神交流的人微笑并说声“嗨!”。(美国人从来不用点头来作为一种打招呼的方式。)当然, 有礼貌还表现在,不管什么时候什么人帮了你的忙,都要口头或通过电子邮件或便条表示你的感激之情。决不要把人家给你帮的忙看成是理所当然的事。

    Be generous with your compliments. I wonder whether the Americans’ confidence has anything to do with all those compliments they give to each other all the time. Compliments are exchanged between

    parents and children, between husband and wife, between friends or acquaintances, on every achievement or advance, major or minor. On a daily basis, they tend to give compliments on others’ appearance. So be sure to be quick at finding out if anybody is wearing anything new or impressive and remember to say,“You look awfully smart in this new shirt!” or “I really like your jacket!” or “That bag looks real cool”. If you can’t find anything new, then you can simply say,“Hey, you look great today!” As a teacher, I have learned to give generous compliments to my students whenever they put a question to me. I would say, “That’s a really good question”or“That’s an interesting point” before I proceed to explain or give an answer, although the question may be ridiculous or foolish sometimes. There are certainly a lot of other things I’ve learned and adjusted to here, but there are also things that I know I will never be able to learn: shouting as a way of

    talking to your friends in the bar on Friday night, or driving at breakneck speed, winding down the windows of your car and playing rock’ n’ roll at full volume so as to deafen every passenger on the road.

    多夸奖别人。我怀疑美国人的自信是与他们不断给予彼此的夸奖有关。只要有成就或进步,不管大小,父母与孩子之间、夫妻之间、朋友之间、熟人之间都会互相夸奖。在平日里,他们都喜欢夸奖别人的外表。所以,要善于及时发现别人是否穿了新的或令人印象深刻的衣服,并要记住说:“你穿这新衬衣真靓!”“我真喜欢你的外套!”“你那背包真够酷的!”如果你实在找不出什么新东西,你就干脆说:“嘿,你今天看起来真精神!”作为老师,我学会了不管什么时候学生提问都予以热情表扬。我会说:“这个问题提得真好”或“这个看法很有意思”,然后我再予以解答,尽管有时候那问题可能很可笑或很傻。当然,我在这儿还学会了许多其他东西,但我知道也有许多东西我永远也学不来。比如,周五的晚上去酒吧以喊叫的方式与朋友交谈;或以快得可怕的速度开着车,把所有的车窗玻璃都摇下,放着摇滚乐,把音量调到最大,让路上的每一个行人都震耳欲聋……

    Last week, my granddaughter started kindergarten, and, as is conventional, I wished her success. I was lying. What I actually wish for her is failure. I believe in the power of failure. Success is boring. Success is proving that you can do something that you already know you can do, or doing something correctly the first time, which can often be a problematical victory. First-time success is usually a fluke. First-time failure, by contrast, is expected; it is the natural order of things.

    Failure is how we learn. I have been told of an African phrase describing a good cook as "she who has broken many pots." If you've spent enough time in the kitchen to have broken a lot of pots, probably you know a fair amount about cooking. I once had a late dinner with a group of chefs, and they spent time comparing knife wounds and burn scars. They knew how much credibility their failures gave them.

    I earn my living by writing a daily newspaper column. Each week I am aware that one column is going to be the worst column of the week. I don't set out to write it; I try my best every day. Still, every week, one column is inferior to the others, sometimes spectacularly so. I have learned to cherish that column. A successful column usually means that I am

    treading on familiar ground, going with the tricks that work, preaching to the choir or dressing up popular sentiments in fancy words. Often in my inferior columns, I am trying to pull off something I've never done before, something I'm not even sure can be done.

    My younger daughter is a trapeze artist. She spent three years putting together an act. She did it successfully for years with the Cirque du Soleil. There was no reason for her to change the act—but she did anyway. She said she was no longer learning anything new and she was bored; and if she was bored, there was no point in subjecting her body to all that stress. So she changed the act. She risked failure and profound public embarrassment in order to feed her soul. And if she can do that 15 feet in the air, we all should be able to do it.

    My granddaughter is a perfectionist, probably too much of one. She will feel her failures, and I will want to comfort her. But I will also, I hope, remind her of what she learned, and how she can do whatever it is better next time. I probably won't tell her that failure is a good thing, because that's not a lesson you can learn when you're five. I hope I can tell her, though, that it's not the end of the world. Indeed, with luck, it is the beginning.

    篇三:英汉互译散文

    On leadership

    论领导

    What is leadership?

    什么是领导?

    Its qualities are difficult to define. But they are not so difficult to identity. 领导应具备什么样的素质,这很难精确的解说,但辨认直陈却也不难。

    Leaders don’t force other people to go along with them. They bring them along. Leaders getcommitment from others by giving it themselves, by building an environment that encouragescreativity, and by operating with honesty and fairness.

    领导者不强制别人与自己协调一致,而是帮助他们跟上。领导者让别人承担义务,首先自己承担义务,造成一种能鼓励创造的环境,待人诚恳,处事公正。

    Leaders demand much of others, but also much of themselves. They are ambitions- not only forthemselves, but also for those who work with them. They seek to attract, retain and developother people to their full abilities.

    领导者对人要求很多,同时也给人很多。他们有雄心壮志,不仅为自己,也为和他们一道工作的人。他们设法吸引人才,留住他们,使他们充分发挥才能。

    Good leaders aren’t lone rangers. They recognize that an organization’s strategies for successrequire the combined talents and efforts of many people. Leadership is the catalyst fortransforming those talents into result.

    好的领导者不是独行侠。 他们认识到一个组织要获得成功,其方针在于吧许多人的才能和力量集中起来。领导艺术是一种催化剂, 把众人的才智转化成业绩。

    Leaders know that when there are two opinions on an issue, one is not bound to be wrong.They recognize that hustle and rush are the allies of superficiality. They are open to newideas, but they explore their ramifications thoroughly.

    领导者明白,这争论的问题上出现两种意见时,并非必然有一种是错的。他们认识到匆忙草率就会促成肤浅片面。他们愿意接受新的设想或建议,但对他们的细节和后果要做认真的探讨。

    Successful leaders are emotionally and intellectually oriented to the future-not wedded to thepast. They have a hunger to take responsibility, to innovate, and to initiate. They are notcontent with merely taking care of what’s already there. They want to move forward to createsomething new.

    成功的领导者无论是在感情上还是在理智上都着眼于未来而不是眷恋过去。他们渴望负责改革,开拓。他们不满足于仅仅守成,他们要前进要创新。

    Leaders provide answers as well as direction, offer strength as well as dedication, and speakfrom experience as well as understanding of the problems they face and the people they workwith.

    领导者不惊给予方向性的指导,也对问题和要求给予具体的解答,不仅示以现身精神而且给予力量。他们说话既根据经验,也根据问题认识和对同事的了解

    Leaders are flexible rather than dogmatic. They believe in unity rather than conformity. Andthey strive to achieve consensus out of conflict.

    领导者处事灵活而不武断。他们认为与其循规蹈矩不如协调一致。他们力图在矛盾冲突中秋的意见统一!

    Leadership is all about getting people consistently to give their best, helping them to grow totheir fullest potential, and motivating them to work toward a common good. Leader make theright things happen when they’re supposed to.

    领导艺术全在于使下级工作人员不断的发挥所长,帮助他们最大限度地发掘潜力,推动他们为共同事业而奋斗。领导者务使该办的事情按时完成。

    A good leader, an effective leader, is one who has respect. Respect is something you have inorder to get. A leader who has respect for other people at all

    levels of an organization. For thework they do, and for their abilities, aspirations and needs, will find that respect is return. Andall concerned will be motivated to work together.

    好的领导者,卓有成效的领导者,善于对人关怀尊重。要的到人尊重必须尊重别人。领导者对本组织各级人员都表示尊重,对他们的工作,能力,愿望与要求表示关怀,他就会发现人家也尊重他关怀他。这样,所有有关人员都会激励起来共同努力。

    Of Studies

    读读书

    Francis Bacon

    弗朗西斯·培根

    Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is inprivateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgmentand disposition of business.For expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars,one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best fromthose that are learned.

    读书足以冶情,足以博彩,足以长才。其冶情也,最见于独处幽居之时;其博彩也,最见于高谈阔论之中;其长才也,最见于处世判事之际。练达之士虽能分别处理细事或一一判别枝节,然纵观统筹、全局策划,则非好学深思者莫属。

    To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, isaffectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humour of a scholar.

    读书费时过多易惰,文采藻饰太盛则矫,全凭条文断事乃学究故态。

    They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants,that need pruning by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large,except they be bounded in by experience.

    读书补天然之不足,经验又补读书之不足;因为天生才干犹如自然花草,读书之后方知如何修剪移接,而书中所示,如不以经验范之,则又大而无当。

    Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teachnot their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation.

    有手艺者鄙读书,无知者羡读书,唯明智之士用读书,然书并不以用处告人,用书之智不在书中,而在书外,全凭观察得之。

    Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk anddiscourse; but to weigh and consider. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed,and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts;others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence andattention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; butthat would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books; else distilledbooks are, like common distilled waters, flashy things.

    读书时不可存心诘难作者,不可尽信书上所言,亦不可只为寻章摘句,而应推敲细思。书有可浅尝者,有可吞食者,少数则须咀嚼消化。换言之,有只须读其部分 者,有只须大体涉猎者,少数则须全读,读时须全神贯注、孜孜不倦。书亦可请人代读,摘要也可请人代作,但只限题材较次或价值不高者,否则书经提炼犹如水经 蒸馏,淡而无味矣。

    Reading makes a full man; conference a ready man; and writing and exact man. And therefore,if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have apresent wit; and if he read little, he head need have much cunning, to seem to know that hedoes not.

    读书使人充实,讨论使人机智,笔记使人准确。因此不常动笔者须记忆特强,不常讨论者须天生聪颖,不常读书者须欺世有术,始能无知而显有知。

    Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moralgrave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in mores.

    读史使人明智,读诗使人灵秀,数学使人周密,科学使人深刻,伦理学使人庄重,逻辑修辞使人善辩。凡有所学,皆成性格。

    Nay there is no stond or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by fit studies: like asdiseases of the body may have appropriate exercises. Bowling is good for the stone and reins;shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and thelike.

    人之才智如有滞碍,无不可读适当之书使之顺畅,一如身体百病,皆可借相宜之运动除之。保龄利睾肾,射箭利胸肺,慢步利肠胃,骑马利头脑,诸如此类。

    So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his witbe called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wi

    t be not apt to distinguish or finddifferences, let him study the schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores. If he be not apt to beatover matters, and to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, let him study thelawyers' cases. So every defect of the mind may have a special receipt.

    如智力不集中,可令读数学,因为演题须全神贯注,稍有分散即须重演;如不能辩异,可令读经院哲学,因为研究经院哲学者吹毛求疵者也;如不善分析论证,不善以一物阐证另一物,可令读律师之案卷。头脑中凡有缺陷,皆有特药可医。

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