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  • a polite request [新概念英语第二册笔记新版Lesson,16:A,polite,request]

    分类:写物散文 时间:2018-10-11 本文已影响
    新概念英语网权威发布新概念英语第二册笔记新版Lesson 16:A polite request,更多新概念英语第二册笔记新版Lesson 16:A polite request相关信息请访问新概念英语网。

    【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

    ★park v. 停放(汽车)
    parking,stop
    stop the car:车在运动中停下来
    park:停放
    parking area:停车场

    ★traffic n. 交通
    traffic police:交通警
    traffic lights:交通灯
    first crossing/turning
    traffic jam:交通堵塞
    in the traffic jam
    I spend a lot of time in traffic jam
    heavy traffic:繁重的交通
    in heavy traffic:交通拥挤
    I was ordered to drive in heavy traffic.

    ★ticket  n. 交通违规罚款单

    ★note n. 便条
    message:消息
    note:纸条,纸钞
    make notes:做笔记

    ★area n. 地段
    area:场地,地段(一块对方)
    place:地点
    region:地区(交战,开火)
    In this region,there were a lot of wars.

    ★sign n. 指示牌

    ★reminder n. 提示
    remind v.:提示,提醒
    remind sb of sth
    remind sb to do sth
    An older photo can remind me of my childhood.
    You remind me of your mother.
    reminder:可以指人,可以指物

    ★fail v. 无视,忘记
    fail v.失败
    fail+宾语:失败做某事
    fail in doing sth:在某些方面失败
    He failed./He failed in examination.
    fail to do:没有能够在某事
    He failed to swim acrooss the river.
    not fail to do sth.一定能够某事
    I can not fail to pass it.
    You can not fail to drive it.你一定能够驾驶
    If you receive a request like this,You can not fail to obey it.
    If you arrived in Beijing ,you cannot fail to find the New Oriental
    School.

    ★obey v. 服从

      First listen and then answer the question.
      听录音,然后回答以下问题。
      What was the polite request?

      If you park your car in the wrong place, a traffic policeman will soon find it. You will be very lucky if he lets you go without a ticket. However, this does not always happen. Traffic police are sometimes very polite. During a holiday in Sweden, I found this note on my car: "sir, we welcome you to our city. This is a "No Parking" area. You will enjoy your stay here if you pay attention to our street signs. This note is only a reminder." If you receive a request like this, you cannot fail to obey it!


    参考译文

      一旦你把汽车停错了地方,交通警很快就会发现。如果他没给你罚单就放你走了,算你走运。然而,情况并不都是这样,交通警有时也很客气。有一次在瑞典度假,我发现我的车上有这样一个字条:“先生,欢迎您光临我们的城市。此处是‘禁止停车’区。如果您对我们街上的标牌稍加注意,您在此会过得很愉快的。谨此提请注意。”如果你收到这样的恳求,你是不会不遵照执行的!

    【课文讲解】

    fail,fail to do sth,not fail to do sth:一定能够做
    park:停放
    in the wrong place
    wrong:不合适的, right:合适的
    He is the right person who you are looking for.
    They met(A met B)in the wrong place at the wrong time.
    You met the wrong person in the wrong place at the wrong time.

    真实条件句:假设很有可能发生.If it snows
    只要是状语从句,一律用一般现在取代一般将来
    如果在条件从句中,从句往往是一般现在时,主句仍然为一般将来时
    真实条件句中,从句往往为现在时,主句中会用一般将来时或祈使句
    If he is sleeping,don"t wake him up.
    If 引导的叫条件句,without后面的名词也叫条件句
    without+n.:如果没有
    Without water,fish cannot live.
    however=but,然而
    however常常放在句首或句子中都可以,but习惯放在两个句子之间
    but转折性语义比较强,however转折语义比较弱
    traffic police:交通警
    sometimes:有几次,有时,偶尔
    on my car
    sir,直接称呼的时候不和姓相连
    1.表示尊称
    2.考研不知道对方姓什么,只要知道对方是男性就可以

    welcome sb to+地点:欢迎某人来某地
    pay attention to:注意(思想上)
    if.真实条件
    You will enjoy your stay here,enjoy:享受,stay(n.)
    I have enjoyed my stay here.
    Enjoy your stay here.
    only a reminder==not a ticket
    receive a quest like this,cannot fail to obey it

    总结
    主句会有祈使句,一般将来时,情态动词
    without+名词:如果没有,起了条件的作用
    withou your help/rain
    however=but,往往一出现,前后都有标点符号隔开,后面会加逗号,but不会
    对一个不认识的男士,sir; mister的后面一定要加姓,sir的后面不能加姓
    sir/madam
    enjoy your stay here
    I have enjoyed my stay here.
    You cannot fail to obey it:你一定会遵守
    【Key Structures】

    Exercises C

    1.rains,shall do
    2.will never pass
    3.is
    4.will get
    5.enjoys, why doesn"t跟第三人称连用,是一种建议;why not连在一起表示建议
    6.is

    【Special difficulties】

    a.police,一定会做复数看待

    b.pay attention to,care,take care of,look after
    pay attention to:思想上注意,notice
    care:关心,在意,  I don"t car:我不在乎,who cares:我不在乎
    take care of==look after:照顾,照料

    c.remind and remember
    remind:提醒,remind sb of sth, remind sb to do sth
    remember:记起,记得
    (1) Do you remember? remember sth
    (2) remember 记得吗?
    (3) remember to do sth:记得要去做,remember to send the letter
      remember doing sth:记得已经做了,I remembered sending the letter.
    Rember sb to your another:前者向后者表示问候
    Rember me to your mother:代我向你母亲问好
    送行:goodbye
    Have you enjoy your stay here? I have enjoyed my stay here.
    Remember me to your family.
    Today I will meet sb at the airport/station.
    Hello,good morning,/afternoon.
    Long time no see.
    How are you?Fine,thank you,and you?I am fine too,thank you.
    Welcome to Beijing.

    Exercise
    1...pay attention...
    look after……look+prep.+宾语
    pay attention(to sth.):注意
    只有当你注意的时候,你才会学到东西.

    2....remind...
     remind sb.of sth.
     remind sb.about sth.
     think of = think about:思考,考虑

    3....are knocking...

    4....look after...   
        照料

    5....Remember me...
     典型的问候语
     "向某人表达问候"

    【Multiple choice questions】

    1...
    seldom:很少(否定意思)
    hardly:几乎不(否定意思)
    occasionally=sometimes:偶尔
    I"hardly went there.

    6....
     No Parking:
     park:停放(侧重放)
     stop:让运动中的东西停下来
     leave sth.here
     leave:离开,留下来,丢在某地(一定要加宾语和地点)
       I left keys at home. 
       I left my wallet in the taxi.

    7...
     only
     nothing:东西,事情
     no one:人
     nothing extra:×
     nothing more: √
     nothing……不定代词
     不定代词的修饰词,要放在不定代词的后面
       anything important:重要的事情
     It is nothing,他什么都不是.

     extra做定语时,一定要放在被修饰词前面  one extra thousand
     two more.../...more 可以放在被修饰词前面或后面

    9....d...
     enjoy的典型用法:主语从宾语身上得到享受
     laugh at(sb.):嘲笑某人
     amuse(sb.):让某人笑出来
     please(sb.):让某人高兴;取悦

     可以直接加人的动词:
      shock,surprise,amuse,please,worry
     共同特征:和人的感觉相连
     be worried about:为...担心
     I am worried about my house.
     My house worries me. 我的房子让我担心。

    相关热词搜索:新概念英语第二册笔记新版Lesson 16:A polite request 新概念英语第二册16课 新概念第三册lesson16

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